Ezekiel 38-39 Gog & Magog
Introduction: Now we get to one of the hardest if not the hardest parts of Ezekiel. We read of Gog and Magog, a battle, and Israel's protection. Some relate this passage to Revelation and the Battle of Armageddon, Revelation 16.16; but Gog and Magog is not mentioned until Revelation 20.8. Let us look at the chapters. Is Gog a real person or a name used to refer to all those opposed to God's will?
I) Ezekiel 38
A) Restoration of Israel to their homeland
1. This was stated in chapter 37.1-23 and the Restoration under "David the Messiah" in 37.24-29.
2. Gog's invasion of Israel, Ezekiel 38
3. Gog is not applied to a particular individual.
a. Magog is in the lineage of Japheth, Genesis 10.2; from the north
b. Rosh is probably Rosu, on the border of Elam
c. Meschech, descendents of Japheth, eastern Asia Minor
e. Persia, east of the Persian Gulf
f. Cush, first son of Ham, identified with Ethiopia
g. Putt, son of Ham, in north Africa
h. Gomer, son of Japheth, a people from the north
i. Togarmah, son of Gomer and lineage of Japheth, from the north
4. The point being that these represent the north, south, east, and west. All of those who would align themselves against Israel.
5. Ezekiel 38.17 says that Gog was spoken of in earlier prophecies, but Gog is only mentioned here and in Revelation.
a. This means Gog was mentioned before, but under a different name. Or the prophecy was not recorded for us but was known to Gog.
B) The time and purpose of the invasion, Ezekiel 38.7-16.
1. Keep in mind that after returning from captivity Israel did not have a physical king, or a standing army. It was pretty well helpless.
2. Gog and his army would see this helpless land but need to prepare because they are about to meet defeat, v. 7
3. This would be after Israel returned from captivity, v. 8
4. They would storm the land, v. 9
5. Though on the way to a different designation, Gog will have the idea to taking advantage of the unprotected land of Israel, v. 10-14
a. This could refer to the time of the Maccabees, about 200 years after Ezekiel's writings.
b. Antiochus came into Judea with a great army, and took their city by force, and slew a great multitude of those that favored Ptolemy, and sent out his soldiers to plunder them without mercy. He also spoiled the temple, and put a stop to the constant practice of offering a daily sacrifice of expiation for three years and six months.
c. Now Antiochus was not satisfied either with his unexpected taking of the city, or with its pillage, or with the great slaughter he made there; but being overcome with his violent passions, and remembering what he had suffered during the siege, he compelled the Jews to dissolve the laws of their country, and to keep their infants uncircumcised, and to sacrifice swine's flesh upon the altar.
d. Thus started the war of the Maccabees.
C) God's judgment on Gog, v. 14-23
1. Gog was well aware that he was making an unprovoked attack against a peaceful people.
2. God will be hallowed in Gog's eyes, v. 16.
3. See God's judgment as being "earth shattering" , v. 18-20. There will be bloodshed with the sword perhaps indicating the internal strife within Gog's army.
4. Natural disasters, v. 20-22
II) Ezekiel 39
A) God repeats His opposition to Gog, Ezekiel 49.1-7
1. God will cause Gog and his army to attack Israel.
2. They shall be defeated and slaughtered, Psalm 76.1-3
3. The completeness of the destruction is indicated in a figure of speech, v. 9-10.
a. Israel will take the weapons of their enemies and use for fire for seven years.
b. Notice that the weapons of warfare are described as shields, bows and arrows. Those who want to take it literally have to explain what army today uses these weapons?
4. The plunderers will be plundered.
a. Hamon Gog means the multitude of Gog. v, 11
5. It will take seven months to bury all of the dead, v. 12
6. They will search out the land for the bones of the dead so as to bury them, v. 13-15.
7. Image of a great feast, v. 17-20. The table is filled with flesh for the birds and beast to eat; with the flesh of the mighty and the blood of the great.
B) Purpose of the judgment
1. All nations will see the judgment of God; and Israel would be made to realize Jehovah is their God, v. 21-22.
2. Israel went into captivity for her sins and God will deliver them, v. 23-24.
3. The restoration of Israel, v. 25-29.
a. To fulfill God's prophetic word, v. 5,8
b. To vindicate God's Holy name
c. To teach the Gentiles about the true God, v. 6,7.
Conclusion: Nothing about Russia, Armageddon, the beast, or 12 nations coming against Israel today. This is directed toward those who would dare to attack Israel as she was being restored, and to Israel. To get them ready to go back to their land. Revelation 20.7-10 the destruction of those who battle against the saints.